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The World of Henka-Asagao
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Intoroduction
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@@@Have you ever seen Henka-Asagao(mutant Japanese morning@glories)?
@@@Itfs @an original traditional horticultural plant of Japan.
@@@A lot of varieties of Henka-Asagao as an annual plant were created in the Edo period 200 years ago and they have been grown today.
@@@Itfs @enjoyable to see how by mutation unexpected changes from wild morning glories had been brought about.
@@@I encountered them in 2001 and felt fascinated gHow interesting they are!h
@@@From that day, I have been growing them every summer, and have painted them in botanical art works.
@@They are in my book of paintings gTHE WORLD of HENKA-ASAGAOh ISBN 978-4-89694-993-3, published in 2012.

@@@Henka-Asagao has two categories.
@@@Category1 called gmasakihhas the same flowers and leaves as its parents (:last season) and produces seeds.
@@@Category2 called gdemonohhas bizarre flowers and leaves hardly recognizable as morning glories, and it can not produce seeds.
@@@You may wonder how they have been grown and handed down for 200 years.
@@@The answer is below.
@@@There are some saplings called "oyaki"that will produce seeds among demono strains.  
@@Oyakifs  cotyledon has normal seminal shape and the flower is circular but the seeds hide demono gene which is going to have bizarre flowers and leaves next season.
  
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Demonofs cotyledon has unusual shape.
  

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Now, I would like to show you some kinds of Henka-Asagao in my works.


basic:   @@Yaseigata @@(wild type)

   @@This is gYaseigatah of Japanese morning glories.
@@   It is thought to be wild type.
   @@The flowers are blue, circular about 5 centimeters in diameter, funnel-shaped, with one pistil, five  stamens, five rays, five calyxes, and a couple of bracts.
   @@The leaves have three pointed lobes, and the color is blue green.
   @@The stems are covered with many white downward little hairs.
   @@The top of a stem swings to find something to wind itself around, and climbs up counterclockwise.
   @@First, we have to recognize such details I described above about the flowers, leaves, stems and color as the standard pattern.
   @@And then, we find how and where the changes have happened by mutation.
   @@It is the most important rule to know the fact for enjoying Henka-Asagao horticulture.




masaki-group:   @@ Tatsuta (maple)

@@This breedfs name is gTatsutah.
   Petals are broad and deeply split into five parts.
   Leaves have five lobes like maple leaves while the leaves of Yaseigata(:wild type) are trilobate.
  
@Speaking of this breedfs name gTatsutah,.

@gTatsuta-riverhis a famous Japanese maple viewing spot in the old days and also the Edo period.
   Now let me talk about gMitate cluturehwhich is one of Japanese sense of beauty.
   "Mitate" is to express something by way of some other things quite different and imagine similarity between the two.
   That is to say,gMitate cluturehis a witty imagination game.
   So, the name of gTatsutah is a good  example.
@The name of each individual Henka-Asagao is usually given by this gMitate culutureh.

   Now, I have to explain another important thing - the color of leaves.
   There are three types.
   Blue green, Yellow green and variegated.
   Blue green color is the very same color the wild-type has.
 @Yellow green leaves are made from blue green leaves by gyellow mutationh.
   But occasionally they return to original blue-green.
   Horticulturists make many varieties of yellow leafed breeds, because crimson or purple flowers and yellow leaves make beautiful color combination.





masaki-group: @@Aoi-ba@(cordate leafed)

   This is a mutation of a leaf shape.
   Leaves have lost lobes of both sides.
   This is one of cordate leaves, which have some other types.
   Itfs name is gAoi-bah.
   We can say the budfs  color of blue or purple flowers of all Japanese morning glories is crimson.





masaki-group:@@Koumori-nanten-ba@(bat-shaped acuminated leafed)

   This mutation gives expression on its flowers as well as leaves.
   Leaves have some acuminate lobes around the edge, and they look like a bat with wings extended.
   The tops of rays of flowers are acuminate, too.
   This individual morning glory illustrated here was covered with many thick white downward hairs all over its body.
   gKoumorihmeans a bat in Japanese.





demono-group:@ @Botan-zaki@ (full - double flowered)

   This mutation affects only flowers, not leaves.
   It makes many petals from all anthers and filaments of stamen, and an another  flower from pistils : sometimes it blooms next day.
   As a result the corolla tube is filled with petals.
   Horticulturists in the Edo period made many varieties of remarkable and gorgeous flowers, combining this mutation with other mutation.
   It is no exaggeration to say that the world of Henka-Asagao made a rapid progress in finding this mutation.

   By way of a digression, gBotanh means gPeonyhin Japanese.
   Peony is thought of the queen of flowers in the East
.




masaki-group:@@@Ranjishi-zaki (feathered)

   Flowers are affected by this mutation.
   They have deeply split and irregular petals.
   Calyxes recurve outward, and almost all buds have secondary petals growing from the outside of the corolla tube.
   Because these secondary petals look like feathers, Mr.Imai named them gFeatheredh before  the World warU.
   This mutation is so weak and simple that it can not show effect on a leaf shape, butEEEE.
   Later on , this mutation becomes the foundation for gwind bell- petaled type, feathered full-double floweredh and g tube- petaled shooting star type, feathered full-double floweredh which are most important breeds of modern Henka-Asagao horticulture.





 demono-group:@@Hurin-shishibotan(wind bell - petaled type,@feathered full-double flowered)

   This plantfs  shape is the result of integration  of the mutation of feathered and double.
   Each petal, pistil, stamen of the flower changes into a wide tube, and then, the edge turns up deeply like a wind bell.
   So that, this one large mass is ONE flower.
   Please look at my illustration work.
   You will easily find the fact if you stare at the calyx of the bud.
   Leaves are curled up to such an extent that their upper sides are barely seen.
   This is an expression by this mutation, too.
   This form is called gclenched dragon clawsh in gMitate cultureh.
   Buds rush to the some points on a stem.
   All parts of this plant are surging and heaving.
   All parts of this plant are unusual.
   It can not produce seeds.




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denomo-group:@@@Ryusei-shishibotan@(tube- petaled shooting star type@feathered full-double flowered)

   The expression of this mutation is that the leaves are curled up to an  extent where their upper sides are barely seen, same with the aforesaid gHurinh, and petioles are very long.
   Each petal is a thin tube which turns up a bit on the edge.
   This flower is called a gshooting starhin gMitate cultureh.





masaki-group:@@Dai-zaki@(hub-shaped flowered)

   This breedfs name is gDai-zakih.
   This is a mutation of a flower shape and a leaf surface.
   A corolla tube of a flower first turns downward, and then,it goes upward.
   A leaf has many small crepes called gChirimenh on its face.
   The hub-shaped flower has a close relation to the gChirimenhleaf.
   This individual in my work  has the dwarf mutation by a sheer chance, therefore, it can not be taller than about thirty centimeters.





masaki-group:@@Kuruma-zaki@(windmill)

   Flowers become gKuruma-zakih,when tatsuta mutation is added to gDai-zakih.
   By the effect of Tatsuta mutation, a petal is broad and deeply split into five parts, and a hub is made in the center of a flower, effected by Dai-zaki mutation.
   This flowerfs shape is similar to not only a windmill but also a wheel of an ox-carriage for a princess in old days in Japan.





masaki-group:@@Semi-ba@@(cicada-shaped leafed)

   This is a mutation of a leaf, too.
   A cotyledon is large and round.
   Most modern Japanese morning glories have this type of leaves.
   This shape is a cicada in gMitate-cultureh.

   By the way , talking of cicada, there is one variety of cicada named@gHigurashih: evening cicada, Tanna Japonensis in Japan.
   They are small, and living in the deep forest.
   In the evening of summer, they sing in a transparent voice like ringing innumerable silver bells, which makes us feel melancholy.
   I do not know more beautiful voice than gHigurashifshin insects.




@
masaki-group: @  Shidare @(weeping)
@@This breedfs name is gShidareh.
   The vine lacks the nature to climb upward; so it goes downward.
   If we force it to go upward , it will die.
   Interesting enough, it also lacks the nature to wind around stakes.
   More interesting is that itfs cotyledon germinates slantingly.
   This individual in this art work has flowers like bellflowers.
   They can produce seeds.




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masaki-group:@@Taika@@(fasciated)

   This breedfs name is gTaikahwhich is a mutation of a stem.
   Stems are wide and flattened like a fascia.
   The flowers are circular.
   They can have seeds.



masaki-group:@@Hime@@(tiny)

   This breedfs name is gHimeh.
   The shape of flowers and leaves are almost the same as Yaseigata(wild type), but they are much smaller.
   A flower has a diameter of about 3 centimeters.
   Seeds are very small,too.
   Many small flowers bloom every morning.
   gHimehmeans a tiny and pretty princess in Japanese.
   Can you imagine lovely girls by these flowers?


different color variation
masaki-group:@@Tairin@@(large-flowered)

   This is gTairinh, meaning a large flower in Japanese.
   Sometimes a flower is 20 or more centimeters in diameter.
   Today, morning glories at exhibitions in Japan are almost all this type.
   This individual in my work has some white stripes.
   The individual breedfs name of this flower is gKyokusuino-Utageh.
   gKyokusuino-Utagehmeans in Japanese a gracious banquet by a winding little stream in a garden.





demono-group:@@Yanagi-ba Nadeshiko-zaki@(willow-leafed , dianthus-flowered)

   You may think that two plants on both-sides of the central thin gold line in this work are quite different, but they are siblings from the same parent seeds.
   The appearance ratio of left-side type to right-side is 3 to 1,if you sow many seeds.
   The left-side one has the same shape of leaves and flowers as the wild type, and can produce seeds.
   The right-side one has narrow leaves like a willow and flowers have thin petals like a dianthus, and can not produce seeds.





demono-group:
@@Yanagi-ba, Nadeshiko Botan-zaki@(willow leafed, dianthus full double flowered)

   If the afore-said gBotan-zakihis added to gYanagi-ba,Nadeshiko-zakih, we have such a many-petaled flower.
   Occasionally there appears another bud in the center of a flower.
   The shape of leaves does not undergo transformation and they are like willow leaves.





demono-group:@@@Hari-ba, Botan-zaki@(needle-leafed, full-double flowered)

   Leaves and flowers will be thinner than gYanagi-ba: willow leafedh by this mutation.
   They are called gHari-ba : needle-leafedh.
   A leaf looks like one straight line, because the lamina and the petiole are the same in width.
   Of course, petals are thinner than gNadeshiko-zaki: dianthus-floweredh, and flowers have no seeds.
   They bloom in late autumn in Japan, if we sow seeds in early summer.
   These flowers in my work bloomed on 12th Nov. 2007.





demono-group:@@Uzu-kobito@(contracted dwarf)

   The important feature of this mutation is a very short stem.
   It is about 10 centimeters.
   A flower usually comes out on the top of the stem.
   Density of chlorophyl of a contracted leaf is high, so the leavesfcolor looks deep green.
   The genealogy is succeeded to next generation by the siblingfs seeds, because the contracted dwarf can not have seeds.





demono-group:@@Fukitsume-Botan@@(peoney full-double flowered)

 @This mutation gives many rays to a flower, so it must have many petals.
   As a result, the expression will be the same with gBotan-zaki : full double floweredh. 
   Therefore, if this mutation is added to gBotan-zakihmutation, how gorgeous the flower is, you know.
   It also makes a thick top of a vine.
   It gives no changes on leaves.
   The upper-side of the gold line in my work is gDemonoh, which can not have any seeds.
   The lower-side of the line is gOyakih, which can produce seeds.
   They are siblings.
   The appearance ratio of the upper-side type to the lower-side is 1 to 9, if you sow many seeds.
   This mutation was found by Dr.Eiji Nitasaka in graduate school, Kyusyu university in 1996.